A1 Journal article – refereed

Effect of Particle Size and Surface Chemistry of Photon-Upconversion Nanoparticles on Analog and Digital Immunoassays for Cardiac Troponin

List of Authors: Brandmeier Julian C., Raiko Kirsti, Farka Zdeněk, Peltomaa Riikka, Mickert Matthias J., Hlaváček Antonín, Skládal Petr, Soukka Tero, Gorris Hans H.

Publisher: WILEY

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Advanced Healthcare Materials


Journal acronym: ADV HEALTHC MATER

Number of pages: 9

ISSN: 2192-2640

eISSN: 2192-2659

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adhm.202100506

Sensitive immunoassays are required for troponin, a low-abundance cardiac biomarker in blood. In contrast to conventional (analog) assays that measure the integrated signal of thousands of molecules, digital assays are based on counting individual biomarker molecules. Photon-upconversion nanoparticles (UCNP) are an excellent nanomaterial for labeling and detecting single biomarker molecules because their unique anti-Stokes emission avoids optical interference, and single nanoparticles can be reliably distinguished from the background signal. Here, the effect of the surface architecture and size of UCNP labels on the performance of upconversion-linked immunosorbent assays (ULISA) is critically assessed. The size, brightness, and surface architecture of UCNP labels are more important for measuring low troponin concentrations in human plasma than changing from an analog to a digital detection mode. Both detection modes result approximately in the same assay sensitivity, reaching a limit of detection (LOD) of 10 pg mL(-1) in plasma, which is in the range of troponin concentrations found in the blood of healthy individuals.

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Last updated on 2021-24-08 at 13:30