Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Protected area characteristics that help waterbirds respond to climate warming

List of Authors: Gaget Elie, Johnston Alison, Pavón-Jordán Diego, Lehikoinen Aleksi S., Sandercock Brett K., Soultan Alaaeldin, Božič Luka, Clausen Preben, Devos Koen, Domsa Cristi, Encarnação Vitor, Faragó Sándor, Fitzgerald Niamh, Frost Teresa, Gaudard Clemence, Gosztonyi Lívia, Haas Fredrik, Hornman Menno, Langendoen Tom, Ieronymidou Christina, Luigujõe Leho, Meissner Włodzimierz, Mikuska Tibor, Molina Blas, Musilová Zuzana, Paquet Jean-Yves, Petkov Nicky, Portolou Danae, Ridzoň Jozef, Sniauksta Laimonas, Stīpniece Antra, Teufelbauer Norbert, Wahl Johannes, Zenatello Marco, Brommer Jon E.

Publisher: WILEY

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Conservation Biology

Journal name in source: CONSERVATION BIOLOGY

Journal acronym: CONSERV BIOL

Number of pages: 9

ISSN: 0888-8892

eISSN: 1523-1739



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Protected area networks help species respond to climate warming. However, the contribution of a site's environmental and conservation-relevant characteristics to these responses is not well understood. We investigated how composition of nonbreeding waterbird communities (97 species) in the European Union Natura 2000 (N2K) network (3018 sites) changed in response to increases in temperature over 25 years in 26 European countries. We measured community reshuffling based on abundance time series collected under the International Waterbird Census relative to N2K sites' conservation targets, funding, designation period, and management plan status. Waterbird community composition in sites explicitly designated to protect them and with management plans changed more quickly in response to climate warming than in other N2K sites. Temporal community changes were not affected by the designation period despite greater exposure to temperature increase inside late-designated N2K sites. Sites funded under the LIFE program had lower climate-driven community changes than sites that did not received LIFE funding. Our findings imply that efficient conservation policy that helps waterbird communities respond to climate warming is associated with sites specifically managed for waterbirds.

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Last updated on 2022-13-05 at 14:43