A1 Journal article – refereed

Emergence of a Bilingual Grammar: Word Order Differences in Monolingual Basque vs. Bilingual Basque-Spanish Predicative Constructions

List of Authors: Lantto Hanna

Publisher: BRILL

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of Language Contact

Journal name in source: JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE CONTACT

Journal acronym: J LANG CONTACT

Volume number: 13

Issue number: 3

Number of pages: 27

ISSN: 1877-4091

eISSN: 1955-2629

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/19552629-13030002

This article compares the monolingual Basque predicative constructions with bilingual Basque-Spanish predicative constructions. The speech data for the study were collected in the Greater Bilbao area of the Basque Country between 2005 and 2012. The results suggest that code-switching may trigger the convergence of predicative constructions and have a significant impact on the general word order patterns. The monolingual predicative constructions in the data mostly follow the canonical Basque sxv word order (similar to 81%), but the bilingual predicative constructions diverge from this word order in that the predicative element is located in a post-verbal position, as in Spanish (similar to 80%). The Spanish lexical elements seem to be strongly associated with the corresponding Spanish construction, the word order of which is then applied to otherwise Basque predicative constructions. I explain the predominance of the Spanish word order in the bilingual constructions by a combination of processing related factors and sociolinguistic factors.

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Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 07:58