A1 Journal article – refereed

H-1 NMR Metabolomics and Full-Length RNA-Seq Reveal Effects of Acylated and Nonacylated Anthocyanins on Hepatic Metabolites and Gene Expression in Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rats




List of Authors: Chen Kang, Wei Xuetao, Pariyani Raghunath, Kortesniemi Maaria, Zhang Yumei, Yang Baoru

Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Journal name in source: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY

Journal acronym: J AGR FOOD CHEM

Volume number: 69

Issue number: 15

Number of pages: 15

ISSN: 0021-8561

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c00130

URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c00130


Abstract
Anthocyanins have been reported to possess antidiabetic effects. Recent studies indicate acylated anthocyanins have better stability and antioxidative activity compared to their nonacylated counterparts. This study compared the effects of nonacylated and acylated anthocyanins on hepatic gene expression and metabolic profile in diabetic rats, using full-length transcriptomics and H-1 NMR metabolomics. Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats were fed with nonacylated anthocyanin extract from bilberries (NAAB) or acylated anthocyanin extract from purple potatoes (AAPP) at daily doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg body weight for 8 weeks. Both anthocyanin extracts restored the levels of multiple metabolites (glucose, lactate, alanine, and pyruvate) and expression of genes (G6pac, Pck1, Pklr, and Gck) involved in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. AAPP decreased the hepatic glutamine level. NAAB regulated the expression of Mgat4a, Gstm6, and Lpl, whereas AAPP modified the expression of Mgat4a, Jun, Fos, and Egr1. This study indicated different effects of AAPP and NAAB on the hepatic transcriptomic and metabolic profiles of diabetic rats.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:45