A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Victimization by traditional bullying and cyberbullying and the combination of these among adolescents in 13 European and Asian countries




Julkaisun tekijät: Chudal R, Tiiri E, Klomek AB, Ong SH, Fossum S, Kaneko H, Kolaitis G, Lesinskiene S, Li LP, Huong MN, Praharaj SK, Sillanmäki L, Slobodskaya HR, Srabstein JC, Wiguna T, Zamani Z, Sourander A; the Eurasian Child Mental Health Study (EACMHS) Group

Kustantaja: SPRINGER

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Journal: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY

Lehden akronyymi: EUR CHILD ADOLES PSY

Sivujen määrä: 14

ISSN: 1018-8827

eISSN: 1435-165X

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-021-01779-6


Tiivistelmä
There has been a lack of studies on bullying in non-western low-income and middle-income countries. This study reported the prevalence of traditional victimization, cybervictimization, and the combination of these, in 13 European and Asian countries, and explored how psychiatric symptoms were associated with victimization. The data for this cross-sectional, school-based study of 21,688 adolescents aged 13-15 were collected from 2011 to 2017. The main outcomes were traditional and cybervictimization obtained from student self-reports. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to assess psychiatric symptoms. Generalized estimating equation and logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). The mean prevalence of any victimization was 28.9%, of traditional victimization only, this was 17.7%, and for cybervictimization only this was 5.1%. Cybervictimization occurred both independently, and in combination with, traditional victimization. The mean prevalence of combined victimization was 6.1%. The mean proportion of those who were cyberbullied only among those who were either cyberbullied only or bullied both traditionally and in cyber was 45.1%. The rates of prevalence varied widely between countries. In the total sample, those who experienced combined victimization, reported the highest internalizing symptoms (girls, OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.22-1.29; boys, OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.25-1.33). The study findings suggest that anti-bullying interventions should include mental health components and target both traditional and cyberbullying. Due to the overlap between these, targeting bullying should primarily focus on how to reduce bullying behavior rather than just focusing on where bullying takes place.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:36