A1 Journal article – refereed

Surface Integrity of Dimethacrylate Composite Resins with Low Shrinkage Comonomers

List of Authors: He Jingwei, Garoushi Sufyan, Säilynoja Eija, Vallittu Pekka K, Lassila Lippo

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Materials

Volume number: 14

Issue number: 7

eISSN: 1996-1944

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma14071614


The goal of current research was to investigate the influence of adding low shrinkage "Phene" like comonomers hexaethylene glycol bis(carbamate-isoproply-α-methylstyrene) (HE-Phene) and triethylene glycol bis(carbamate-isoproply-α-methylstyrene) (TE-Phene) on the surface and color characteristics of composite resin. A range of weight fractions (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 wt.%) of HE/TE-Phene monomers were mixed with bisphenol A glycidyl methacrylate (GMA)/triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) monomer. Experimental composite resins were made by mixing 71 wt.% of silica fillers to 29 wt.% of the resin matrix. A Vickers indenter and glossmeter were used for testing surface hardness (SH) and gloss (SG) at 60°. A chewing-simulator was used to evaluate the surface wear after 15,000 cycles. Color change (∆E) and translucency parameter (TP) were measured using a spectrophotometer. Data showed that HE/TE-Phene monomer had no negative impact (p > 0.05) on surface gloss, wear, color change and translucency of experimental composite resins. Surface hardness was in a reducing direction with the increas in HE/TE-Phene weight fraction (p < 0.05). The study results suggested that incorporating HE/TE-Phene monomers up to 30 wt.% with Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin did not negatively influence the surface integrity of composite resins except for SH.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:07