D4 Julkaistu kehittämis- tai tutkimusraportti taikka -selvitys

Charting Regulatory Frameworks for Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship Testing, Pilots, and Commercial Deployments




Julkaisun tekijät: Henrik Ringbom, Mika Viljanen, Jussi Poikonen, Saara Ilvessalo

Kustantaja: Liikenne- ja viestintäministeriö

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Sarjan nimi: Liikenne- ja viestintäministeriön julkaisuja

Numero sarjassa: 2020:20

eISBN: 978-952-243-610-8

ISSN: 1795-4045

Verkko-osoite: https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/handle/10024/162560


Tiivistelmä

The report discusses how Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASSs), ships capable of autonomous and remote operations, should be regulated. It consists of an introduction and three main chapters.

Chapter 2 introduces MASS technologies, focusing on the sensors, software components, and algorithms needed in autonomous navigation systems. The report provides an overview of the role of machine learning models in autonomous navigation systems. These are necessary especially in automating watchkeeping duties and require testing in multiple phases of the system development cycle.

Chapter 3 discusses the existing IMO, EU, and national regulatory frameworks, in the context of MASS trials and pilot deployments in test areas in the Baltic Sea. It also considers how the rules should be changed to facilitate the trials and pilot deployment. It concludes that the current rules will allow MASS trials, provided that they are approved by the authorities. Permanent MASS deployments, however, still require amendments of national and international rules.

Chapter 4 discusses theme 4, outlining the building blocks and challenges of building a future regulatory framework for MASS commercial deployments. The Chapter focuses on MASS ethics, autonomous navigation system regulation, and liability and accountability for MASSs.

Chapter 5 provides an executive summary of the main findings.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:17