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Evaluation of the mechanical properties and degree of conversion of 3D printed splint material

Julkaisun tekijät: Perea-Lowery Leila, Gibreel Mona, Vallittu Pekka K, Lassila Lippo

Kustantaja: Elsevier

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Journal: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials

Lehden akronyymi: J Mech Behav Biomed Mater

Volyymi: 115

Sivujen määrä: 7

ISSN: 1878-0180

eISSN: 1878-0180


Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite:

To evaluate the effect of post-curing method, printing layer thickness, and water storage on the mechanical properties and degree of conversion of a light-curing methacrylate based resin material (IMPRIMO® LC Splint), used for the fabrication of 3D printed occlusal splints and surgical guides.
96 bar-shaped specimens were 3D printed (Asiga MAX), half of them with a layer thickness of 100 μm (Group A), and half with 50 μm (Group B). Each group was divided in three subgroups based on the post-curing method used: post-curing with light emitting diode (LED) and nitrogen gas; post-curing with only LED; and non-post-curing. Half of the specimens from each subgroup were water-stored for 30 days while the other half was dry-stored (n = 8). Flexural strength and flexural modulus were evaluated. Additional specimens were prepared and divided in the same way for surface hardness (n = 96), fracture toughness, and work of fracture (n = 96). Five specimens were selected from each subgroup for evaluating the degree of conversion (DC). Data were collected and statistically analyzed with 1-way, 2-way ANOVA, and Tukey post-hoc analysis (α = 0.05).
The 2-way ANOVA showed that the post-curing method and water storage significantly affected the investigated mechanical properties (P < 0.001). The 1-way ANOVA revealed a statistically significant difference among the tested groups on the investigated properties (P < 0.001). After water storage, the 100 μm subgroup post-cured with only LED showed higher flexural strength (51 ± 9) than the 50 μm and 100 μm subgroups that were post-cured with LED in addition to nitrogen gas atmosphere (38 ± 5, 30 ± 3) (p < 0.05). The 50 μm subgroup post-cured with only LED showed the highest significant flexural modulus values (1.7 ± 0.08) (p < 0.05). However, the 50 μm subgroup post-cured with LED plus nitrogen showed significantly higher surface hardness values (p < 0.05) among the investigated groups. The non-post-cured subgroups showed the lowest values, which were significantly different from the other subgroups (p < 0.05).
The post-curing method, water storage, and printing layer thickness play a role in the mechanical properties of the investigated 3D Printed occlusal splints material. The combination of heat and light within the post-curing unit can enhance the mechanical properties and degree of conversion of 3D printed occlusal splints. Flexural strength and surface hardness can increase when decreasing printing layer thickness.

Last updated on 2022-28-09 at 11:55