A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

The effects of loneliness and social isolation on all-cause, injury, cancer, and CVD mortality in a cohort of middle-aged Finnish men. A prospective study




Julkaisun tekijät: Siiri-Liisi Kraav, Olutosin Awoyemi, Niina Junttila, Riitta Vornanen, Jussi Kauhanen, Timo Toikko, Soili M. Lehto, Sari Hantunen, Tommi Tolmunen

Kustantaja: Routledge, Taylor & Francis

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Journal: Aging and Mental Health

Sivujen määrä: 10

ISSN: 1360-7863

eISSN: 1364-6915

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2020.1830945

Verkko-osoite: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2020.1830945


Tiivistelmä
Objectives Loneliness and social isolation both increase mortality and are likely to affect health via several pathways. However, information on the potential pathways remains scarce. We investigated the associations between loneliness, social isolation, and mortality, and possible mechanisms underlying these connections.

Methods The analyzed data comprised a prospective population-based cohort of Finnish men (42–61 years at baseline, n = 2588) who were followed up for an average of 23.2 years. Mortality data were obtained from the national population register in 2012. Cox proportional hazards analysis with adjustments for possible confounding factors was used to examine the associations between loneliness and social isolation at baseline and all-cause, injury, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Mediation analysis was conducted to investigate the mechanisms underlying the associations of loneliness and social isolation with mortality.
Results Loneliness predicted all-cause mortality, even after adjustments for all covariates. Loneliness predicted cancer mortality, except after adjustments for lifestyle variables or Human Population Laboratory (HPL) depression scores, and also predicted CVD mortality, except after adjustments for HPL depression scores. Social isolation predicted all-cause mortality and injury mortality. The effect of social isolation on all-cause mortality was mediated by loneliness and HPL depression scores.
Conclusions Our findings suggest that both loneliness and social isolation increase the risk of all-cause mortality, while they have differing effects on different causes of death. Loneliness and depressive symptoms may mediate the effect of social isolation on increased mortality.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:27