A1 Journal article – refereed

Combinations of Job Demands and Job Control and Future Trajectories of Sickness Absence and Disability Pension An 11-year Follow-up of Two Million Employees in Sweden




List of Authors: Salonen Laura, Alexanderson Kristina, Rugulies Reiner, Framke Elisabeth, Niemelä Mikko, Farrants Kristin

Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Volume number: 62

Issue number: 10

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 1076-2752

eISSN: 1536-5948

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001919

URL: https://journals.lww.com/joem/Fulltext/2020/10000/Combinations_of_Job_Demands_and_Job_Control_and.4.aspx


Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between combinations of job demands/control and future sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) trajectories over 11 years.

Methods: A population-based prospective cohort study of female (n = 1,079,631) and male (n = 1,107,999) employees in 2001. With group-based trajectory analysis, we modeled the trajectories of annual mean SA/DP days in 2002 to 2012. We predicted trajectory memberships for job demands/control using multinomial regression.

Results: We found three SA/DP trajectories for women (low stable, medium stable, and high increasing) and two for men (low stable and high increasing). Low demands/low control in women [odds ratio (OR) 1.42; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.38 to 1.45], and low demands and medium/high control in men (equal OR of 1.23; 95% CI 1.18 to 1.28) were strongly associated with high increasing trajectory.

Conclusion: The associations between job demands/control varied between SA/DP trajectories and between sexes.


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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:32