A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Site-Specific Linking of an Oligonucleotide to Mono- and Bivalent Recombinant Antibodies with SpyCatcher-SpyTag System for Immuno-PCR

Julkaisun tekijät: Anastasiia Kushnarova-Vakal, Antti Äärelä, Tuomas Huovinen, Pasi Virta, Urpo Lamminmäki

Kustantaja: American Chemical Society

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Journal: ACS Omega

Lehden akronyymi: ACS Omega

Volyymi: 5

Julkaisunumero: 38

eISSN: 2470-1343

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c03750

Verkko-osoite: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsomega.0c03750


Antibody-oligonucleotide conjugates (AOCs) are a versatile class of chimeric biomolecules for therapeutics and biotechnological applications. Most widely employed chemical labeling methods for proteins are based on targeting of Lys or Cys residues that leads to mixed stoichiometry in the degree of conjugation and may interfere with antigen binding, thus, compromising the function of the antibody. A site-specific oligonucleotide conjugation technology providing full control over valency in mild reaction conditions would be an advancement to the state-of-the-art in bioconjugation. Herein, we demonstrate the production of single-chain variable fragment antibodies with fused SpyCatcher (scFv-SpyCatcher, monovalent) and alkaline phosphatase-SpyCatcher (scFv-AP-SpyCatcher, bivalent) on C-terminus and their conjugation to SpyTag002-oligonucleotide in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). The formation of a covalent isopeptide bond between the protein and SpyTag002-oligonucleotide was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis, and the functionality of the obtained AOCs was confirmed in immuno-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the detection of microcystin-LR and 17β-estradiol. Based on time-resolved fluorescence immunoassays with scFv-AP fusion constructs, we observed that the SpyCatcher and SpyCatcher-SpyTag002-oligonucleotide part lowered the absolute signal obtained from the assay by 27.6 and 48.4% at 2 nM and by 26.2 and 27.6% at 100 pM microcystin-LR and 17β-estradiol concentrations, respectively. Nevertheless, the overall sensitivity of the immuno-PCR assays was similar to the time-resolved fluorescence immunoassays performed with the same components. In this study, vectors for SpyCatcher-fusion construction were created for directional cloning with SfiI sites enabling the rapid generation of AOC constructs for site-specific SpyTag-oligonucleotide conjugation.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 11:28