A1 Journal article – refereed

The Long-Run Effects of Cesarean Sections

List of Authors: Ana María Costa-Ramón, Mika Kortelainen, Ana Rodríguez-González, Lauri Sääksvuori

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press

Place: Madison, Wiaconsin

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Journal of Human Resources

eISSN: 1548-8004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3368/jhr.58.2.0719-10334R1


This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable C-sections on children's health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular working hours on days that precede a weekend or public holiday and use this exogenous variation as an instrument for C-sections. We supplement our instrumental variables results with a differences-in-differences estimation that exploits variation in birth mode within sibling pairs and across families. Our results suggest that avoidable unplanned C-sections increase the risk of asthma, but do not affect other immune-mediated disorders previously associated with C-sections.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:23