A2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikauslehdessä

Biomechanical aspects of reinforced implant over-dentures: a systematic review

Julkaisun tekijät: Mona Fathy Gibreel, Ahmed Khalifa, Mohamed Moustafa Said, Fatma Mahanna, Nesma El-Amier, Timo O. Närhi, Leila Perea-Lowery, Pekka K. Vallittu

Kustantaja: Elsevier

Julkaisuvuosi: 2019

Journal: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

Lehden akronyymi: J Mec Behav Biomed Mater

Volyymi: 91

Julkaisunumero: 91

Sivujen määrä: 10

ISSN: 1751-6161

eISSN: 1878-0180

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.12.006

Verkko-osoite: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.12.006


The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of reinforcement on the mechanical behaviour of implant overdenture (IOD) bases and its cumulative biological effect on the underlying supporting structures (implants and the residual ridge).

Material and methods

The required documents were collected electronically from PubMed and Web of Science databases targeting papers published in English that focused on denture base reinforcement for IOD prostheses in order to recognize the principal outcomes of reinforcement on the mechanical and biological properties of overdentures. Such biological outcomes as: strains on implants, peri-implant bone loss, residual ridge resorption, and strain on the residual alveolar ridge.


A total of 269 citations were identified. After excluding any repeated articles between databases and the application of exclusion and inclusion criteria, only 13 publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Three publications investigated the mechanical properties of fibre and/or metal-reinforced implant overdentures while another 3 articles investigated the effect of metal reinforcement on stress distribution and strains transmitted to the underlying implants. In addition, 3 in vitro studies investigated the effect of metal reinforcement on overdenture base strain and stresses. Stress distribution to the residual ridge and strain characteristics of the underlying tissues were investigated by 2 in vitro studies. Five clinical studies performed to assist the clinical and prosthetic maintenance of metal-reinforced IOD were included. Data concerning denture base fracture, relining, peri-implant bone loss, probing depth, and implant survival rates during the functional period were extracted and considered in order to evaluate the mechanical properties of the denture base, residual ridge resorption and implant preservation rates, respectively.


The use of a denture base reinforcement can reduce the fracture incidence in IOD bases by enhancing their flexural properties and reducing the overdenture base deformation. Strains on the underlying supporting structures of overdenture prostheses including dental implants and the residual ridge can be decreased and evenly distributed using a metal reinforcement.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:51