A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

TiO2 Coating and UV Photofunctionalization Enhance Blood Coagulation on Zirconia Surfaces

Julkaisun tekijät: Shahramian K, Abdulmajeed A, Kangasniemi I, Soderling E, Narhi T

Kustantaja: HINDAWI LTD

Julkaisuvuosi: 2019

Journal: BioMed Research International

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL

Lehden akronyymi: BIOMED RES INT

Volyymi: 2019

Sivujen määrä: 9

ISSN: 2314-6133

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8078230

Verkko-osoite: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/8078230/

This in vitro study was designed to evaluate the effect of sol-gel derived TiO2 coating on blood coagulation, blood protein adsorption, and platelet response on zirconia surfaces. Square-shaped zirconia (n=96) (10x10x2 mm) was cut, ground, sintered, and finally cleansed ultrasonically in each of acetone and ethanol for 5 minutes. Three experimental groups (n=32) were fabricated: (a) zirconia coated with sol-gel derived TiO2, (b) zirconia coated with sol-gel derived TiO2 and treated with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation for 1 hour, and (c) non-coated zirconia as control. The coatings were prepared from tetraisopropyl orthotitanate solution by dip-coating. The thrombogenicity of the specimens was evaluated using a whole blood kinetic clotting time method where the extent of blood clotting was evaluated at 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 minutes (n=4/time point, total n=24/group). Scanning electron microscope images were taken to observe platelet morphologies after 1-hour incubation with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (n=5/group). Surface characteristics were visualized using atomic force microscopy (n=1/group). Adsorption of plasma proteins and fibronectin on each surface was studied by gel electrophoresis (n=2/group). Significant differences were observed in blood coagulation between the test groups at 20-, 30-, 40-, and 50-minute time points (p<0.005). UV treated TiO2 coated specimens showed fastest blood coagulation followed by TiO2 coated and non-coated specimens. Furthermore, platelets appeared at a higher activation state on coated specimens. Gel electrophoresis revealed no difference in protein adsorption among the experimental groups. In summary, TiO2 coatings promoted blood coagulation, and it was further enhanced by UV treatment, which has the potential to hasten the wound healing process in vivo.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 10:18