Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Revisiting Stock Market Index for the Helsinki Stock Exchange 1912–1981

List of AuthorsVaihekoski Mika


Publication year2024

JournalJournal of Risk and Financial Management

Journal acronymJRFM

Volume number17

Issue number3



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Stock market indices play a central role in portfolio and risk management and performance evaluation, as well as academic research. This paper presents a fully updated and extended stock market index for the Finnish stock market using new and updated historical databases that cover the period from the establishment of the Helsinki Stock Exchange in October 1912 to the end of 1981. In addition to the all-share market index, four industry indices are presented for the first time. The observed geometric mean market return is 1.034 percent per month (13.14% p.a.). Of the industry indices, the banking sector performed the worst as it was found to have clearly lagged behind in the market, whereas the paper and forest and the metal and manufacturing industries performed the best during the sample period. The results also highlight the importance of taking into account corporate capital actions—which are, historically, often the hardest information to obtain—as they can have a material effect on the index performance.

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Last updated on 2024-01-03 at 10:45