A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Regulation of cyclic electron flow by chloroplast NADPH-dependent thioredoxin system

Julkaisun tekijät: Nikkanen L, Toivola J, Trotta A, Diaz MG, Tikkanen M, Aro E, Rintamäki E

Kustantaja: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Julkaisuvuosi: 2018

Journal: Plant Direct

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: Plant Direct; Plant Direct

Lehden akronyymi: Plant Direct

Volyymi: 2

Julkaisunumero: 11

ISSN: 2475-0328

eISSN: 2475-4455

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pld3.93

Verkko-osoite: https://doi.org/10.1002/pld3.93

Linear electron transport in the thylakoid membrane drives photosynthetic NADPH and ATP production, while cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I only promotes the translocation of protons from stroma to thylakoid lumen. The chloroplast NADH dehydrogenase-like complex (NDH) participates in one CEF route transferring electrons from ferredoxin back to the plastoquinone pool with concomitant proton pumping to the lumen. CEF has been proposed to balance the ratio of ATP/NADPH production and to control the redox poise particularly in fluctuating light conditions, but the mechanisms regulating the NDH complex remain unknown. We have investigated potential regulation of the CEF pathways by the chloroplast NADPH-thioredoxin reductase (NTRC) in vivo by using an Arabidopsis knockout line of NTRC as well as lines overexpressing NTRC. Here, we present biochemical and biophysical evidence showing that NTRC stimulates the activity of NDH-dependent CEF and is involved in the regulation of generation of proton motive force, thylakoid conductivity to protons, and redox balance between the thylakoid electron transfer chain and the stroma during changes in light conditions. Furthermore, protein?protein interaction assays suggest a putative thioredoxin-target site in close proximity to the ferredoxin-binding domain of NDH, thus providing a plausible mechanism for redox regulation of the NDH ferredoxin:plastoquinone oxidoreductase activity.

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