Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Regulation of cyclic electron flow by chloroplast NADPH-dependent thioredoxin system

List of AuthorsNikkanen L, Toivola J, Trotta A, Diaz MG, Tikkanen M, Aro E, Rintamäki E

PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Publication year2018

JournalPlant Direct

Journal name in sourcePlant Direct; Plant Direct

Journal acronymPlant Direct

Volume number2

Issue number11





Self-archived copy’s web address

Linear electron transport in the thylakoid membrane drives photosynthetic NADPH and ATP production, while cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I only promotes the translocation of protons from stroma to thylakoid lumen. The chloroplast NADH dehydrogenase-like complex (NDH) participates in one CEF route transferring electrons from ferredoxin back to the plastoquinone pool with concomitant proton pumping to the lumen. CEF has been proposed to balance the ratio of ATP/NADPH production and to control the redox poise particularly in fluctuating light conditions, but the mechanisms regulating the NDH complex remain unknown. We have investigated potential regulation of the CEF pathways by the chloroplast NADPH-thioredoxin reductase (NTRC) in vivo by using an Arabidopsis knockout line of NTRC as well as lines overexpressing NTRC. Here, we present biochemical and biophysical evidence showing that NTRC stimulates the activity of NDH-dependent CEF and is involved in the regulation of generation of proton motive force, thylakoid conductivity to protons, and redox balance between the thylakoid electron transfer chain and the stroma during changes in light conditions. Furthermore, protein?protein interaction assays suggest a putative thioredoxin-target site in close proximity to the ferredoxin-binding domain of NDH, thus providing a plausible mechanism for redox regulation of the NDH ferredoxin:plastoquinone oxidoreductase activity.

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Last updated on 2022-07-04 at 17:04