Refereed article in conference proceedings (A4)

Deep Learning and Film History: Model Explanation Techniques in the Analysis of Temporality in Finnish Fiction Film Metadata

List of Authors: Ginter Filip, Kiiskinen Harri, Kanerva Jenna, Chang Li-Hsin, Salmi Hannu

Conference name: Digital Humanities in the Nordic and Baltic Countries Conference

Publication year: 2022

Journal: CEUR Workshop Proceedings

Book title *: The 6th Digital Humanities in the Nordic and Baltic Countries Conference (DHNB 2022), Uppsala, Sweden, March 15-18, 2022

Title of series: CEUR Workshop Proceedings

Volume number: 3232

eISSN: 1613-0073


Self-archived copy’s web address:


We demonstrate the application of a deep-learning -based regressor, on a case study of predicting movie production year based on its plot summary. We show how the Integrated Gradients (IG) model explanation method can be used to attribute the predictions to individual input features and compare these to human-assigned attributions. Our purpose is to provide an insight into the application of modern NLP methods in the scope of a digital humanities research question, and test the model explanation techniques on a problem that is easy to understand, yet non-trivial for both humans and machine learning algorithms alike. We find that the model clearly outperforms non-expert human annotators, being able to date the movies well within the correct decade on average. We also demonstrate that the model-assigned attributions agree with those assigned by humans, especially for correct predictions.

Downloadable publication

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.

Last updated on 2023-24-02 at 10:29