Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Association of alcohol use with years lived without major chronic diseases: A multicohort study from the IPD-Work consortium and UK Biobank




List of Authors: Nyberg Solja T., Batty David G., Pentti Jaana, Madsen Ida E.H., Alfredsson Lars, Bjorner Jakob B., Borritz Marianne, Burr Hermann, Ervasti Jenni, Goldberg Marcel, Jokela Markus, Knutsson Anders, Koskinen Aki, Lallukka Tea, Lindbohm Joni V., Nielsen Martin L., Oksanen Tuula, Pejtersen Jan H., Pietiläinen Olli, Rahkonen Ossi, Rugulies Reiner, Shipley Martin J., Sipilä Pyry N., Sørensen Jeppe K., Stenholm Sari, Suominen Sakari, Väänänen Ari, Vahtera Jussi, Virtanen Marianna, Westerlund Hugo, Zins Marie, Singh-Manoux Archana, Kivimäki Mika

Publisher: ELSEVIER

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Lancet regional health - Europe

Journal name in source: LANCET REGIONAL HEALTH-EUROPE

Journal acronym: LANCET REG HEALTH-EU

Volume number: 19

Number of pages: 16

ISSN: 2666-7762

eISSN: 2666-7762

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100417

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666776222001119

Self-archived copy’s web address: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/176222089


Abstract

Background
Heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of several chronic diseases. In this multicohort study, we estimated the number of life-years without major chronic diseases according to different characteristics of alcohol use.
Methods
In primary analysis, we pooled individual-level data from up to 129,942 adults across 12 cohort studies with baseline data collection on alcohol consumption, drinking patterns, and history between 1986 and 2005 (the IPD-Work Consortium). Self-reported alcohol consumption was categorised according to UK guidelines – non-drinking (never or former drinkers); moderate consumption (1–14 units); heavy consumption (>14 units per week). We further subdivided moderate and heavy drinkers by binge drinking pattern (alcohol-induced loss of consciousness). In addition, we assessed problem drinking using linked data on hospitalisations due to alcohol abuse or poisoning. Follow-up for chronic diseases for all participants included incident type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, and respiratory disease (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) as ascertained via linkage to national morbidity and mortality registries, repeated medical examinations, and/or self-report. We estimated years lived without any of these diseases between 40 and 75 years of age according to sex and characteristics of alcohol use. We repeated the main analyses using data from 427,621 participants in the UK Biobank cohort study.
Findings
During 1·73 million person-years at risk, 22,676 participants in IPD-Work cohorts developed at least one chronic condition. From age 40 to 75 years, never-drinkers [men: 29·3 (95%CI 27·9–30·8) years, women 29·8 (29·2–30·4) years)] and moderate drinkers with no binge drinking habit [men 28·7 (28·4–29·0) years, women 29·6 (29·4–29·7) years] had the longest disease-free life span. A much shorter disease-free life span was apparent in participants who experienced alcohol poisoning [men 23·4 (20·9–26·0) years, women 24·0 (21·4–26·5) years] and those with self-reported heavy overall consumption and binge drinking [men: 26·0 (25·3–26·8), women 27·5 (26·4–28·5) years]. The pattern of results for alcohol poisoning and self-reported alcohol consumption was similar in UK Biobank. In IPD-Work and UK Biobank, differences in disease-free years between self-reported moderate drinkers and heavy drinkers were 1·5 years or less.
Interpretation
Individuals with alcohol poisonings or heavy self-reported overall consumption combined with a binge drinking habit have a marked 3- to 6-year loss in healthy longevity. Differences in disease-free life between categories of self-reported weekly alcohol consumption were smaller.


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Last updated on 2022-22-09 at 15:07