Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

An Infancy-Onset 20-Year Dietary Counselling Intervention and Gut Microbiota Composition in Adulthood




List of Authors: Keskitalo Anniina, Munukka Eveliina, Aatsinki Anna, Saleem Wisam, Kartiosuo Noora, Lahti Leo, Huovinen Pentti, Elo Laura L, Pietilä Sami, Rovio Suvi P, Niinikoski Harri, Viikari Jorma, Rönnemaa Tapani, Lagström Hanna, Jula Antti, Raitakari Olli, Pahkala Katja

Publisher: MDPI

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Nutrients

Journal name in source: NUTRIENTS

Journal acronym: NUTRIENTS

Volume number: 14

Issue number: 13

Number of pages: 17

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu14132667

URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/14/13/2667

Self-archived copy’s web address: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/175931508


Abstract
The randomized controlled Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) has completed a 20-year infancy-onset dietary counselling intervention to reduce exposure to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk factors via promotion of a heart-healthy diet. The counselling on, e.g., low intake of saturated fat and cholesterol and promotion of fruit, vegetable, and whole-grain consumption has affected the dietary characteristics of the intervention participants. By leveraging this unique cohort, we further investigated whether this long-term dietary intervention affected the gut microbiota bacterial profile six years after the intervention ceased. Our sub-study comprised 357 individuals aged 26 years (intervention n = 174, control n = 183), whose gut microbiota were profiled using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. We observed no differences in microbiota profiles between the intervention and control groups. However, out of the 77 detected microbial genera, the Veillonella genus was more abundant in the intervention group compared to the controls (log(2) fold-change 1.58, p < 0.001) after adjusting for multiple comparison. In addition, an association between the study group and overall gut microbiota profile was found only in males. The subtle differences in gut microbiota abundances observed in this unique intervention setting suggest that long-term dietary counselling reflecting dietary guidelines may be associated with alterations in gut microbiota.

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Last updated on 2022-15-08 at 08:56