Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Introduction of pediatric thoracoscopic lung resections in a low-volume center - feasibility, outcome and cost analysis

List of AuthorsRaitio Arimatias, Vilkki Vesa, Pakkasjärvi Niklas

PublisherTaylor & Francis

Publication year2023

JournalActa Chirurgica Belgica

Journal name in sourceActa chirurgica Belgica

Journal acronymActa Chir Belg

Volume number123

Issue number5

Start page497

End page501




Self-archived copy’s web address


Background: Early series of pediatric thoracoscopic surgery have reported high conversion rates and significant complications. This study investigated the introduction of pediatric thoracoscopic lung resections in a low-volume center with reference to corresponding open thoracotomy procedures with regards to operative times, length of stay, cost of admission, and outcomes.

Methods: A single surgeon series. Data from the first 10 consecutive thoracoscopic lung resections were compared to a cohort of 10 consecutive open lung resections performed before the introduction of the thoracoscopic technique. All operations were performed between December 2015 and October 2021. The median follow-up was 34 months (range 4-65).

Results: The cohort included 14 lobectomies (8 thoracoscopic and 6 open) for congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), and 6 resections (mainly non-anatomic) of pulmonary sequestration (2 thoracoscopic and 4 open). One lobectomy required conversion to thoracotomy, and one patient required reinsertion of a chest drain after open lobectomy due to persistent air leak. No other complications were recorded. All patients were asymptomatic at their follow-up. There was no significant difference in the mean age, mean weight, operative times, and intraoperative blood loss between open and minimally invasive procedures. Thoracoscopic technique was associated with significantly shorter stay at pediatric intensive care unit and shorter overall inpatients stay.

Conclusion: Thoracoscopic lung resections can be safely introduced in a low-volume center with comparable cost, operative time, and results and significantly shorter inpatient stay.

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Last updated on 2023-26-09 at 13:50