Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Comparative analysis of COVID-19 vaccine responses and third booster dose-induced neutralizing antibodies against Delta and Omicron variants

List of Authors: Belik M, Jalkanen P, Lundberg R, Reinholm A, Laine L, Väisänen E, Skön M, Tähtinen PA, Ivaska L, Pakkanen SH, Häkkinen HK, Ortamo E, Pasternack A, Ritvos MA, Naves RA, Miettinen S, Sironen T, Vapalahti O, Ritvos O, Österlund P, Kantele A, Lempainen J, Kakkola L, Kolehmainen P, Julkunen I


Publication year: 2022

Journal: Nature Communications

Journal name in source: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS

Journal acronym: NAT COMMUN

Volume number: 13

Issue number: 1

Number of pages: 10



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Vaccination shows efficacy in protecting from COVID-19, but regime and dosing optimization is still ongoing. Here the authors show that BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, or their combination with ChAdOx1 induces similar antibody responses, and those receiving three doses of BNT162b2 induce neutralizing antibodies against the Omicron variant.

Two COVID-19 mRNA (of BNT162b2, mRNA-1273) and two adenovirus vector vaccines (ChAdOx1 and Janssen) are licensed in Europe, but optimization of regime and dosing is still ongoing. Here we show in health care workers (n = 328) that two doses of BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, or a combination of ChAdOx1 adenovirus vector and mRNA vaccines administrated with a long 12-week dose interval induce equally high levels of anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike antibodies and neutralizing antibodies against D614 and Delta variant. By contrast, two doses of BNT162b2 with a short 3-week interval induce 2-3-fold lower titers of neutralizing antibodies than those from the 12-week interval, yet a third BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273 booster dose increases the antibody levels 4-fold compared to the levels after the second dose, as well as induces neutralizing antibody against Omicron BA.1 variant. Our data thus indicates that a third COVID-19 mRNA vaccine may induce cross-protective neutralizing antibodies against multiple variants.

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Last updated on 2022-09-06 at 10:04