A1 Journal article – refereed
Youth and Long-Term Dietary Calcium Intake With Risk of Impaired Glucose Metabolism and Type 2 Diabetes in Adulthood




List of Authors: Feitong Wu, Markus Juonala, Katja Pahkala, Marie-Jeanne Buscot, Matthew A Sabin, Niina Pitkänen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Antti Jula, Terho Lehtimäki, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Mika Kähönen, Tomi Laitinen,Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Costan G Magnussen
Publisher: Oxford Academic
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Journal name in source: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Journal acronym: JCEM
Volume number: 104
Issue number: 6
ISSN: 1945-7197
eISSN: 1945-7197

Abstract

CONTEXT:

To the best of our knowledge, no previous studies have examined the role of youth calcium intake in the development of impaired glucose metabolism, especially those with long-term high calcium intake.

OBJECTIVES:

To examine whether youth and long-term (between youth and adulthood) dietary calcium intake is associated with adult impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes (T2D).

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study is a 31-year prospective cohort study (n = 1134; age, 3 to 18 years at baseline).

EXPOSURES:

Dietary calcium intake was assessed at baseline (1980) and adult follow-up visits (2001, 2007, and 2011). Long-term (mean between youth and adulthood) dietary calcium intake was calculated.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Adult impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and T2D.

RESULTS:

We found no evidence for nonlinear associations between calcium intake and IFG or T2D among females and males (all P for nonlinearity > 0.05). Higher youth and long-term dietary calcium intake was not associated with the risk of IFG or T2D among females or males after adjustment for confounders, including youth and adult body mass index.

CONCLUSIONS:

Youth or long-term dietary calcium intake is not associated with adult risk of developing impaired glucose metabolism or T2D.


Last updated on 2019-10-09 at 12:15