A1 Journal article – refereed
Tuning the probability of defect formation via substrate strains in Sr2FeMoO6 films

List of Authors: Waheed A. Adeagbo, Martin Hoffmann, Arthur Ernst, Wolfram Hergert, Minnamari Saloaro, Petriina Paturi, Kalevi Kokko
Publication year: 2018
Journal name in source: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS
Journal acronym: PHYS REV MATER
Volume number: 2
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 2475-9953

Since oxide materials like Sr2FeMoO6 are usually applied as thin films, we studied the effect of biaxial strain, resulting from the substrate, on the electronic and magnetic properties and, in particular, on the formation energy of point defects. From our first-principles calculations, we determined that the probability of forming point defects, like vacancies or substitutions, in Sr2FeMoO6 could be adjusted by choosing a proper substrate. For example, the amount of antisite disorder can be reduced with compressive strain in order to obtain purer Sr2FeMoO6 as needed for spintronic applications, while the formation of oxygen vacancies is more likely for tensile strain, which improves the functionality of Sr2FeMoO6 as a basis material of solid oxide fuel cells. In addition, we were also able to include the oxygen partial pressure in our study by using its thermodynamic connection with the chemical potential. Strontium vacancies become, for example, more likely than oxygen vacancies at a pressure of 1 bar. Hence, this degree of freedom might offer in general another potential method for defect engineering in oxides aside from, e.g., experimental growth conditions like temperature or gas pressure.

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 21:34