A4 Article in conference proceedings
Balmer-dominated shocks in Tycho's SNR: Omnipresence of CRs

List of Authors: Sladjana Knežević, Ronald Läsker, Glenn van de Ven, Joan Font, John C. Raymond, Coryn A. L. Bailer-Jones, John Beckman, Giovanni Morlino, Parviz Ghavamian, John P. Hughes, Kevin Heng
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Book title *: Supernova 1987A: 30 Years Later
Journal name in source: Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Volume number: 12
Issue number: S331
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 1743-9213
eISSN: 1743-9221


We present wide-field, spatially and highly resolved spectroscopic
observations of Balmer filaments in the northeastern rim of Tycho's
supernova remnant in order to investigate the signal of cosmic-ray (CR)
acceleration. The spectra of Balmer-dominated shocks (BDSs) have
characteristic narrow (FWHM ∼ 10 km s-1) and broad (FWHM ∼ 1000 km s-1)
Hα components. CRs affect the Hα-line parameters: heating the cold
neutrals in the interstellar medium results in broadening of the narrow
Hα-line width beyond 20 km s-1, but also in reduction of the
broad Hα-line width due to energy being removed from the protons in the
post-shock region. For the first time we show that the width of the
narrow Hα line, much larger than 20 km s-1, is not a resolution or geometric effect nor a spurious result of a neglected intermediate (FWHM ∼ 100 km s-1)
component resulting from hydrogen atoms undergoing charge exchange with
warm protons in the broad-neutral precursor. Moreover, we show that a
narrow line width 20 km s-1 extends across the entire NE rim,
implying CR acceleration is ubiquitous, and making it possible to
relate its strength to locally varying shock conditions. Finally, we
find several locations along the rim, where spectra are significantly
better explained (based on Bayesian evidence) by inclusion of the
intermediate component, with a width of 180 km s-1 on average.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:41