Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

The Queer Story and How to Tell It: The DSSH Model in Queer Asylum Determinations




Julkaisun tekijät: Vanto Johanna

Kustantaja: Retfaerd

Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Journal: Retfaerd: Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift

Volyymi: 45

Julkaisunumero: 1/171

Verkko-osoite: http://www.retfaerd.se/year/2022

Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/73934217


Tiivistelmä

European and Finnish national legislation and jurisprudence leave asylum decision-makers
with a wide margin of discretion in assessing queer asylum claims. For guidance, some refugee-receiving
countries, including Finland, rely on the so-called DSSH (‘Difference, Stigma, Shame, and Harm’) model.
Analysing asylum decision-makers’ interviews qualitatively, this article explores whether the narrative of
difference embedded in the DSSH model is manifested in decision-makers’ understandings of queer asylum
determinations. This article provides unique empirical data on a credibility assessment tool that, although
endorsed and applied by a number of asylum authorities, remains understudied. The model operationalizes
abstract and affective concepts (e.g., sexual identity, stigma, shame) that are difficult even for asylum decision-makers to grasp, risking to exclude those queer asylum applicants who are unable to relate to such
culturally context-sensitive abstractions or to convey emotions. The model could reinforce asylum decision-
makers’ stereotypical, gendered notions of queer asylum applicants. It is argued that by imposing and
reproducing an essentialist narrative on queer refugees the DSSH model may function as a filtering tool
in the immigration control system.


Ladattava julkaisu

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.




Last updated on 2022-15-06 at 13:58