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New insights into the novel and functional promoter sequences of b-1,3-glucanase gene from Hevea brasiliensis

Julkaisun tekijätRadhakrishnan Supriya, Mathew Suni Anie, Saleena Alikunju., Thulaseedharan Arjunan

KustantajaPolska Akademia Nauk


JournalJournal of Plant Protection Research

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimiJournal of Plant Protection Research




Lopetussivun numero40



Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite


β-1,3-glucanases play a major role in combating the abnormal leaf fall disease (ALF) caused 
by the oomycete Phytophthora spp. in Hevea brasiliensis, the major commercial source 
of natural rubber. In this study, partial sequences of four novel promoters of different
β-1,3-glucanase genomic forms were amplified through inverse PCR from the H. brasiliensis clone RRII 105 and sequence characterized. This is the first report showing
β-1,3-glucanase genes driven by a different set of promoter sequences in a single clone 
of Hevea. The nucleotide sequencing revealed the presence of 913, 582, 553 and 198 bp 
promoter regions upstream to the translation initiation codon, ‘ATG’, and contained the 
essential cis-elements that are usually present in biotic/abiotic stress-related plant gene promoters along with other complex regulatory regions. The amplified regions showed strong 
nucleosome formation potential and in two of the promoters CpG islands were observed 
indicating the tight regulation of gene expression by the promoters. The functional efficiency of the isolated promoter forms was validated using promoter: reporter gene (GUS) 
fusion binary vectors through Agrobacterium mediated transformation in Hevea callus and 
tobacco. GUS gene expression was noticed in Hevea callus indicating that all the promoters 
are functional. The transgenic tobacco plants showed no GUS gene expression. The implication of these novel promoter regions to co-ordinate the β-1,3-glucanase gene expression 
can be utilized for defense specific gene expression in future genetic transformation attempts in Hevea and in a wide variety of plant systems.

Keywords: abnormal leaf fall, Hevea brasiliensis, Phytophthora, PR-protein, systemic acquired resistance (SAR), β-1,3-glucanase

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Last updated on 2022-07-04 at 16:21