Vertaisarvioitu artikkeli kokoomateoksessa (A3)

“To Poor and Rich Alike”: Legal Modernisation, the Women’s Movement, and Legal Aid in Late-Nineteenth-Century Finland

Julkaisun tekijät: Vasara-Aaltonen Marianne

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Kirjan nimi *: Histories of Legal Aid: A Comparative and International Perspective

Sarjan nimi: World Histories of Crime, Culture and Violence

ISBN: 978-3-030-80270-7

eISBN: 978-3-030-80271-4

ISSN: 2730-9630



As explored in this chapter, public legal aid was first established in Finland in the late nineteenth century. Industrialisation and urbanisation in the second half of the nineteenth century brought about great social change in Finland. An urban working-class population emerged facing new kinds of legal problems, often related to their employment. In 1885, to help tackle these problems, the town council of Helsinki decided to employ an advocate for the poor. Inspiration was drawn from Gothenburg in Sweden where such an office had been established a decade earlier. This chapter shows how the rising women’s movement in Finland was actually behind the initiative and how the Finnish Women’s Association actively pursued the idea of public legal aid as a means to help poor women. Thus, legal aid is connected to the rise of philanthropies in the late nineteenth century. Moreover, establishing legal aid also coincides with a period of legal modernisation and the growth of the legal profession in Finland. Finally, this chapter discusses what kinds of cases the advocate for the poor dealt with and who his clients were.

Last updated on 2022-26-01 at 16:03