Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Longitudinal associations between parental and offspring's leisure-time physical activity: The Young Finns Study

List of Authors: Yang Xiaolin L, Kukko Tuomas, Hirvensalo Mirja, Biddle Stuart JH, Rovio Suvi P, Pahkala Katja, Hutri-Kahonen Nina, Raitakari Olli T, Tammelin Tuija H

Publisher: WILEY

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports


Journal acronym: SCAND J MED SCI SPOR

Volume number: 32

Issue number: 1

Number of pages: 10

ISSN: 0905-7188



Purpose: The longitudinal influence of parental leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on their offspring's LTPA is poorly understood. This study examined the longitudinal associations between parental LTPA and offspring's LTPA at two-time intervals.

Method: Child (offspring) participants (N = 3596) were enrolled from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study in 1980. Their LTPA was self-rated through nine phases from baseline to 2018 and categorized by year into youth (1980-1986) and adult (1992-2018) LTPA. Parental LTPA was assessed with a single self-reported question at three phases from 1980 to 1986. Latent growth curve modeling stratified by gender was fitted to estimate the potential pathways between parental LTPA and offspring's youth and adult LTPA.

Results: Higher initial levels of paternal and maternal LTPA were independently associated with greater initial levels of youth and adult LTPA of offspring in both genders, respectively, except maternal LTPA, which did not associate with male offspring's adult LTPA. The initial levels of paternal LTPA were directly related to changes in male offspring's youth LTPA after adjusting for age, residential place, paternal education and occupation, having siblings, and offspring's body mass index.

Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that the initial levels of parental LTPA are directly linked to the initial levels of offspring's LTPA during youth and adulthood, while changes in parental LTPA are unrelated to changes in offspring's youth and adult LTPA for either gender over time. These results imply that higher initial levels of LTPA in parents may serve as a predictor of offspring's LTPA across life stages.

Last updated on 2022-11-01 at 10:44