A1 Journal article – refereed

Long-term outcome of biologically guided dose-escalated radiotherapy of localized prostate cancer

List of Authors: Kuisma Anna, Wright Pauliina, Suilamo Sami, Seppälä Jan, Koivisto Mari, Lindholm Paula, Minn Heikki


Publication year: 2021

Journal: Acta Oncologica

Journal name in source: ACTA ONCOLOGICA

Journal acronym: ACTA ONCOL

Number of pages: 7

ISSN: 0284-186X

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2021.1998613

URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2021.1998613


Background: Biologically created subvolumes enable non-uniform dose distributions in prostate cancer radiotherapy (RT) thus potentially improving therapeutic ratio and reducing toxicity. We present the long-term outcome of men receiving focal boosting of carbon-11 acetate (ACE) PET-CT metabolically active areas in prostate carcinoma.

Material and methods: Thirty men with hormone naïve localized prostate carcinoma underwent ACE PET/CT for RT planning. There were five low-, 17 intermediate-, and eight high-risk patients. Based on thresholding of the standardized uptake values (SUVs) metabolic target volumes (MTVs) corresponding to intraprostatic lesions (IPLs) were contoured. Two planning target volumes (PTVs) were applied i.e., PTVlow-risk for the whole prostate with 8-10 mm margin and PTVhigh-risk for the MTV. Pelvic nodes were not irradiated. Late toxicity of biologically guided RT was reviewed after a median of 63 months and outcome after a median follow-up of 124 months.

Results: Median doses to PTVlow-risk, PTVhigh-risk, prostate, and MTV were 72.9 Gy, 79.4 Gy, 76.6 Gy, and 80.4 Gy, respectively, in 38 fractions. The 10-year cancer-specific survival was 86% and the biochemical failure-free ratio 68%, respectively. The median biochemical progression-free survival (PFS) was 37, 108, and 119 months in the high, intermediate, and low-risk groups, respectively, the difference being significant between high and intermediate-risk groups (p = 0.02). One patient (3%) presented with locoregional and 5 (17%) with distant nodal metastases. Five patients (17%) had a biochemical relapse. A larger MTV was associated with shorter PFS (r = -0.41, p = 0.02), but had no influence on OS. No other statistically significant differences in the dose painting parameters were observed between recurrence-free and recurring patients.

Conclusions: Biological guidance for dose-escalated prostate RT is feasible with ACE PET/CT. Since a larger MTV may be associated with a higher risk for progression, we encourage further study of dose-escalation to ACE-positive lesions considering the low toxicity of our protocol.

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Last updated on 2021-07-12 at 15:21