A2 Review article in a scientific journal

Modeling rare human disorders in mice: the finnish disease heritage

List of Authors: Zárybnický Tomáš, Heikkinen Anne, Kangas Salla M., Karikoski Marika, Martínez-Nieto Guillermo Antonio, Salo Miia H., Uusimaa Johanna, Vuolteenaho Reetta, Hinttala Reetta, Sipilä Petra, Kuure Satu

Publisher: MDPI

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Cells

Journal name in source: Cells

Volume number: 10

Issue number: 11

eISSN: 2073-4409

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cells10113158

URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/10/11/3158


The modification of genes in animal models has evidently and comprehensively improved our knowledge on proteins and signaling pathways in human physiology and pathology. In this review, we discuss almost 40 monogenic rare diseases that are enriched in the Finnish population and defined as the Finnish disease heritage (FDH). We will highlight how gene-modified mouse models have greatly facilitated the understanding of the pathological manifestations of these diseases and how some of the diseases still lack proper models. We urge the establishment of subsequent international consortiums to cooperatively plan and carry out future human disease modeling strategies. Detailed information on disease mechanisms brings along broader understanding of the molecular pathways they act along both parallel and transverse to the proteins affected in rare diseases, therefore also aiding understanding of common disease pathologies.

Downloadable publication

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.

Last updated on 2021-03-12 at 11:26