A1 Journal article – refereed

Fractionation of Lignin with Decreased Heterogeneity: Based on a Detailed Characteristics Study of Sequentially Extracted Softwood Kraft Lignin




List of Authors: Liu Rui, Smeds Annika, Wang Luyao, Pranovich Andrey, Hemming Jarl, Willför Stefan, Zhang Hongbo, Xu Chunlin

Publisher: American Chemical Society

Publication year: 2021

Journal: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering

Journal name in source: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING

Journal acronym: ACS SUSTAIN CHEM ENG

Volume number: 9

Issue number: 41

Number of pages: 12

ISSN: 2168-0485

eISSN: 2168-0485

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c04725

URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c04725


Abstract
Industrial lignin fractionation is attracting increasing interest due to its enormous potential in the development of high value-added materials. However, the widely reported fractionation approaches are primarily focused on the separation of fractions with a low polydispersity index (PDI). In this study, based on the detailed characteristic examination of carefully sequential-extracted softwood Kraft lignin fractions, a novel method to isolate lignin fraction with decreased heterogeneity (LGF-dh), was established in consideration of impurities, elemental composition, molar mass distribution, carbohydrate content, functional hydroxyl content, and the content of lignin-relevant aromatic units. To characterize the mentioned properties, an elemental analyzer, SEC-MALS, GC-MS, GC-FID, Py/GCMS, P-31-NMR, and HSQC-NMR were used to compare the differences of the sequential lignin fractions that were obtained by methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), ethanol (EtOH), methanol (MeOH), acetone, and dioxane. Moreover, a practical and feasible three-step extraction process was proposed to separate the low heterogeneity lignin fraction from industrial lignin according to the different solubilities of each fraction in the green cosolvent system of EtOH/water, MeOH/water, and acetone/water. Overall, this work presented a comprehensive study on the properties of softwood lignin as well as proposed a feasible and convenient method to reduce the heterogeneity of lignin, which would promote its valorization.

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Last updated on 2021-01-12 at 16:39