A1 Journal article – refereed

Vascular adhesion protein-1 defines a unique subpopulation of human hematopoietic stem cells and regulates their proliferation

List of Authors: Iftakhar-E-Khuda I, Pessia A, Zheng S, Kankainen M, Kontro M, Karikoski M, Laurila J, Gerke H, Tadayon S, Hollmén M, Tang J, Imhof BA, Salmi M, Jalkanen S

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

Journal name in source: Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS

Journal acronym: Cell Mol Life Sci

Volume number: 78

ISSN: 1420-682X

eISSN: 1420-9071

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00018-021-03977-6

Although the development of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) has been studied in great detail, their heterogeneity and relationships to different cell lineages remain incompletely understood. Moreover, the role of Vascular Adhesion Protein-1 in bone marrow hematopoiesis has remained unknown. Here we show that VAP-1, an adhesin and a primary amine oxidase producing hydrogen peroxide, is expressed on a subset of human HSC and bone marrow vasculature forming a hematogenic niche. Bulk and single-cell RNAseq analyses reveal that VAP-1+ HSC represent a transcriptionally unique small subset of differentiated and proliferating HSC, while VAP-1- HSC are the most primitive HSC. VAP-1 generated hydrogen peroxide acts via the p53 signaling pathway to regulate HSC proliferation. HSC expansion and differentiation into colony-forming units are enhanced by inhibition of VAP-1. Contribution of VAP-1 to HSC proliferation was confirmed with mice deficient of VAP-1, mice expressing mutated VAP-1 and using an enzyme inhibitor. In conclusion, VAP-1 expression allows the characterization and prospective isolation of a new subset of human HSC. Since VAP-1 serves as a check point-like inhibitor in HSC differentiation, the use of VAP-1 inhibitors enables the expansion of HSC.

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Last updated on 2021-09-12 at 11:02