A2 Review article in a scientific journal

A holistic view on c-Kit in cancer: Structure, signaling, pathophysiology and its inhibitors




List of Authors: Pathania Shelly, Pentikäinen Olli T, Singh Pankaj Kumar

Publisher: ELSEVIER

Publication year: 2021

Journal: BBA - Reviews on Cancer

Journal name in source: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-REVIEWS ON CANCER

Journal acronym: BBA-REV CANCER

Volume number: 1876

Issue number: 2

Number of pages: 21

ISSN: 0304-419X

eISSN: 1879-2561

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbcan.2021.188631

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304419X21001293?via%3Dihub


Abstract
Receptor tyrosine kinases play an important role in many cellular processes, and their dysregulation leads to diseases, most importantly cancer. One such receptor tyrosine kinase is c-Kit, a type-III receptor tyrosine kinase, which is involved in various intracellular signaling pathways. The role of different mutant isoforms of c-Kit has been established in several types of cancers. Accordingly, promising c-Kit inhibition results have been reported for the treatment of different cancers (e.g., gastrointestinal stromal tumors, melanoma, acute myeloid leukemia, and other tumors). Therefore, lots of effort has been put to target c-Kit for the treatment of cancer. Here, we provide a comprehensive compilation to provide an insight into c-Kit inhibitor discovery. This compilation provides key information regarding the structure, signaling pathways related to c-Kit, and, more importantly, pharmacophores, binding modes, and SAR analysis for almost all small-molecule heterocycles reported for their c-Kit inhibitory activity. This work could be used as a guide in understanding the basic requirements for targeting c-Kit, and how the selectivity and efficacy of the molecules have been achieved till today.

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Last updated on 2021-18-11 at 09:51