Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Characterization of occlusal splint materials: CAD-CAM versus conventional resins

List of Authors: Gibreel Mona, Perea-Lowery Leila, Vallittu Pekka K., Lassila Lippo

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials

Journal name in source: Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials

Journal acronym: J Mech Behav Biomed Mater

Volume number: 124

ISSN: 1878-0180

eISSN: 1878-0180



The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the mechanical properties of five commercially available subtractive computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled splint materials, as well as to compare them with conventional heat-polymerized and autopolymerizing resins used in the construction of conventional splints.

Material and methods
Five CAD-CAM milled (ProArt CAD Splint, Therapon Transpa, Temp Premium Flexible Transpa, Cast, and Aqua), one autopolymerizing (Palapress), and one heat-polymerized (Paladon 65) resin materials were evaluated. Flexural strength, E-modulus, Vickers hardness, fracture toughness, fracture work, water sorption, and water solubility were measured. Samples were evaluated after dry and water storage for 30 days at 37 °C. Data were collected and statistically analyzed.

Under both storage circumstances, the flexural strength values of Paladon 65, Therapon Transpa, Temp Premium Flexible Transpa, and Aqua were statistically non-significant (P=0.055). The polycarbonate-based CAD-CAM material Temp Premium Flexible Transpa had the highest statistically significant values of the fracture toughness and fracture work (P<0.001). Moreover, it exhibited the lowest percentages of water sorption and water solubility among the investigated materials (P<0.001). All of the CAD-CAM materials exhibited dry elastic moduli greater than Palapress and lower than Paladon 65. One of the CAD-CAM materials, Cast, had the highest dry Vickers hardness value, which was non-significant when compared to Therapon Transpa (P=0.762).

CAD-CAM polycarbonate-based splint materials exhibit higher fracture toughness and fracture work as well as lower water sorption and solubility than polymethyl methacrylate-based ones. The mechanical characteristics of the assessed CAD-CAM milled splint materials were not typically superior to those of the conventional heat-polymerized resin. However, some of them outperformed the autopolymerizing acrylic resin in terms of flexural strength, surface microhardness, water sorption, and water solubility.

Last updated on 2022-19-12 at 16:00