A1 Journal article – refereed

Safety of alemtuzumab in a nationwide cohort of Finnish multiple sclerosis patients




List of Authors: Rauma I, Mustonen T, Seppä JM, Ukkonen M, Männikkö M, Verkkoniemi-Ahola A, Kartau M, Saarinen JT, Luostarinen L, Simula S, Ryytty M, Ahmasalo R, Sipilä JOT, Pieninkeroinen I, Tapiola T, Remes AM, Kuusisto H

Publisher: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of Neurology

Journal name in source: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY

Journal acronym: J NEUROL

Number of pages: 12

ISSN: 0340-5354

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-021-10664-w


Abstract
Background Alemtuzumab is an effective disease-modifying therapy (DMT) for highly active multiple sclerosis (MS). However, safety concerns limit its use in clinical practice. Objectives To evaluate the safety of alemtuzumab in a nationwide cohort of Finnish MS patients. Methods In this retrospective case series study, we analyzed the data of all but two MS patients who had received alemtuzumab in Finland until 2019. Data were systematically collected from patient files. Results Altogether 121 patients were identified, most of whom had received previous DMTs (82.6%). Median follow-up time after treatment initiation was 30.3 months and exceeded 24 months in 78 patients. Infusion-associated reactions (IARs) were observed in 84.3%, 57.3%, and 57.1% of patients during alemtuzumab courses 1-3, respectively. Serious adverse events (SAEs) were observed in 32.2% of patients, serious IARs in 12.4% of patients, and SAEs other than IARs in 23.1% of patients. Autoimmune adverse events were observed in 30.6% of patients. One patient died of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, and one patient died of pneumonia. A previously unreported case of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura was documented. Conclusions SAEs were more frequent in the present cohort than in previous studies. Even though alemtuzumab is a highly effective therapy for MS, vigorous monitoring with a long enough follow-up time is advised.

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Last updated on 2021-28-09 at 15:04