A1 Journal article – refereed

Validation of the russian-language version of the standardized cosmesis and health nasal outcomes survey (Schnos)

List of Authors: Zholtikov Vitaly V, Korableva Natalya P, Lebedeva Yu V, Saltychev Mikhail, Most Sam P, Moubayed Sami Pierre

Publisher: Media Sphera Publishing Group

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Plastičeskaâ hirurgiâ i èstetičeskaâ medicina

Journal name in source: Plastic Surgery and Aesthetic Medicine

Volume number: 2021

Issue number: 2

eISSN: 2713-3389

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/plast.hirurgia202102181



To validate the Russian-language version of the Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey (SCHNOS).

SCHNOS was processed by forward and backward translations and adapted to the cultural context in accordance with international standards. Its psychometric validity was tested with native Russian speakers. The authors measured internal consistency, correlation and reproducibility of the questionnaire to determine its validity.

The final Russian-language version of SCHNOS was presented to 76 Russian speakers. Both SCHNOS-O (obstructive domain) and SCHNOS-C (cosmetic domain) showed high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha 0.84 and 0.94, respectively). Spearman’s correlations between the items SCHNOS-O (0.38-0.82) and SCHNOS-C (0.49-0.88) were positive and significant. Spearman’s rank correlation in retest analysis of SCHNOS-O (r=0.87) and SCHNOS-C (r=90) was positive and significant. Statistical significance of responses was obtained for SCHNOS-O (p<0.001), but not for SCHNOS-C (p=0.222).

In this study, SCHNOS was successfully translated and culturally adapted into Russian. The Russian-language version of SCHNOS turned out to be reliable and effective tool. Therefore, the authors recommend this method in Russian-speaking patients undergoing functional and/or aesthetic rhinoplasty.

Last updated on 2021-24-09 at 08:34