A1 Journal article – refereed

Preoperative Posterior Tilt Increases the Risk of Later Conversion to Arthroplasty After Osteosynthesis for Femoral Neck Fracture




List of Authors: Honkanen Jukka S, Ekman Elina M, Huovinen Ville K, Mäkelä Keijo T, Koivisto Mari, Karvonen Mikko P, Laaksonen Inari

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of Arthroplasty

Journal name in source: The Journal of arthroplasty

Journal acronym: J Arthroplasty

ISSN: 0883-5403

eISSN: 1532-8406

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.04.039


Abstract

Background

Femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are one of the most common injuries in the elderly. Treatment is either internal fixation or primary arthroplasty. The main aim of this study is to assess the risk factors associated with fixation failure leading to further arthroplasty in FNFs treated with cannulated screws.


Methods

Data on internal fixations of FNFs performed at Turku University Hospital between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2017 were collected retrospectively from the patient database. Radiographical measurements were performed for preoperative displacement and posterior tilt, postoperative displacement, reduction quality, and implant shaft angle.


Results

Altogether 301 cases were included in the study. The overall reoperation rate was 25% and conversion to arthroplasty was performed in 16% of cases. In the multiple variant analysis, adjusted for age and gender, nondisplaced fractures with a 0°-20° preoperative posterior tilt had a significantly lower risk of later conversion to arthroplasty than did nondisplaced fractures with a ≤0° or ≥20° posterior tilt (odds ratio [OR] 4.0, 95% confidence interval [Cl] 1.8-8.6, P = .0005) and displaced fractures (OR 7.2, 95% CI 3.0-17.4, P < .0001). No statistically significant association was found between preoperatively nondisplaced fractures with a <0° or ≥20° posterior tilt and displaced fractures (OR 0.6, 95% Cl 0.2-1.3, P = .2).


Conclusion

Displaced fractures and fractures with a preoperative posterior tilt of <0° or ≥20° have a considerably increased risk of reoperation and conversion to arthroplasty. Primary arthroplasty should be considered as treatment for displaced FNFs and fractures with >20° or <0° posterior tilt, especially in fragile patients, to avoid further operations.


Keywords
internal fixationarthroplastyreoperationfixation failureposterior tiltfemoral neck fracture

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:25