Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Modular genome-wide gene expression architecture shared by early traits of osteoporosis and atherosclerosis in the Young Finns Study




List of Authors: Mishra Binisha H, Mishra Pashupati P, Raitoharju Emma, Marttila Saara, Mononen Nina, Sievänen Harri, Viikari Jorma, Juonala Markus, Laaksonen Marika, Hutri-Kähönen Nina, Kähönen Mika, Raitakari Olli T, Lehtimäki Terho

Publisher: NATURE RESEARCH

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Scientific Reports

Journal name in source: Scientific reports

Journal acronym: Sci Rep

Volume number: 11

Issue number: 1

ISSN: 2045-2322

eISSN: 2045-2322

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-86536-0

Self-archived copy’s web address: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/54714365


Abstract
We analysed whole blood genome-wide expression data to identify gene co-expression modules shared by early traits of osteoporosis and atherosclerosis. Gene expression was profiled for the Young Finns Study participants. Bone mineral density and content were measured as early traits of osteoporosis. Carotid and bulbus intima media thickness were measured as early traits of atherosclerosis. Joint association of the modules, identified with weighted co-expression analysis, with early traits of the diseases was tested with multivariate analysis. Among the six modules significantly correlated with early traits of both the diseases, two had significant (adjusted p-values (p.adj) < 0.05) and another two had suggestively significant (p.adj < 0.25) joint association with the two diseases after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, and physical activity. The three most significant member genes from the significant modules were NOSIP, GXYLT2, and TRIM63 (p.adj ≤ 0.18). Genes in the modules were enriched with biological processes that have separately been found to be involved in either bone metabolism or atherosclerosis. The gene modules and their most significant member genes identified in this study support the osteoporosis-atherosclerosis comorbidity hypothesis and can provide new joint biomarkers for both diseases and their dual prevention.

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Last updated on 2022-06-10 at 11:55