A1 Journal article – refereed

Prolonged injury symptoms and later visits to psychiatric care after mild traumatic brain injury in school-age




List of Authors: Saarinen Mari, Erkinjuntti Nina, Koskinen Sanna, Himanen Leena, Vahlberg Tero, Tenovuo Olli, Lähdesmäki Tuire

Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Brain Injury

Journal name in source: BRAIN INJURY

Journal acronym: BRAIN INJURY

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 0269-9052

eISSN: 1362-301X

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2021.1895316


Abstract
Objective
To investigate demographic and pre-injury factors in Finnish school-aged children admitted to pediatric neurology services after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The relation of these factors to prolonged injury symptoms and later visits into psychiatric care was assessed.
Methods
Demographic information, pre-injury learning status, and neuropsychological test results of 120 patients aged 7-16 years were retrospectively collected from the hospital medical records. Data were compared with self- or parent-reported injury symptoms at 1-3 months post-injury and later visits to psychiatric care.
Results
According to medical records, 14.2% of the children with mTBI had a diagnosed neurobehavioral or psychiatric condition pre-injury. Additionally, 53.3% of the children had some neurobehavioral or psychiatric concerns or traits prior to the injury. Over half (56.7%) of the children studied were symptomatic at 1-3 months following the injury. Female gender and presence of prolonged symptoms were predictive for later visit into psychiatric care.
Conclusions
Pre-injury neurobehavioral or psychiatric problems may predict prolonged injury symptoms following pediatric mTBI. In this retrospective patient series, prolonged symptoms and female gender seem to predict the need for later psychiatric care. Monitoring the recovery of children with mTBI and pre-injury risk factors is important for timely interventions.


Last updated on 2021-05-11 at 09:13