A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Effects of pre-emptive pregabalin and multimodal anesthesia on postoperative opioid requirements in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy

Julkaisun tekijät: Sisa Katrin, Huoponen Saara, Ettala Otto, Antila Heikki, Saari Teijo I, Uusalo Panu

Kustantaja: BMC

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Journal: BMC Urology

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: BMC UROLOGY

Lehden akronyymi: BMC UROL

Volyymi: 21

Julkaisunumero: 1

Sivujen määrä: 8

ISSN: 1471-2490

eISSN: 1471-2490

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-021-00785-9

Verkko-osoite: https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-021-00785-9

Background: Previous findings indicate that pre-emptive pregabalin as part of multimodal anesthesia reduces opioid requirements compared to conventional anesthesia in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). However, recent studies show contradictory evidence suggesting that pregabalin does not reduce postoperative pain or opioid consumption after surgeries. We conducted a register-based analysis on RALP patients treated over a 5-year period to evaluate postoperative opioid consumption between two multimodal anesthesia protocols.
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients undergoing RALP between years 2015 and 2019. Patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists status 1-3, age between 30 and 80 years and treated with standard multimodal anesthesia were included in the study. Pregabalin (PG) group received 150 mg of oral pregabalin as premedication before anesthesia induction, while the control (CTRL) group was treated conventionally. Postoperative opioid requirements were calculated as intravenous morphine equivalent doses for both groups. The impact of pregabalin on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and length of stay (LOS) was evaluated.
Results: We included 245 patients in the PG group and 103 in the CTRL group. Median (IQR) opioid consumption over 24 postoperative hours was 15 (8-24) and 17 (8-25) mg in PG and CTRL groups (p = 0.44). We found no difference in postoperative opioid requirement between the two groups in post anesthesia care unit, or within 12 h postoperatively (p = 0.16; p = 0.09). The length of post anesthesia care unit stay was same in each group and there was no difference in PONV Similarly, median postoperative LOS was 31 h in both groups.
Conclusion: Patients undergoing RALP and receiving multimodal analgesia do not need significant amount of opioids postoperatively and can be discharged soon after the procedure. Pre-emptive administration of oral pregabalin does not reduce postoperative opioid consumption, PONV or LOS in these patients.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 10:31