Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Brightest cluster galaxies: the centre can(not?) hold




List of Authors: De Propris Roberto, West Michael J, Andrade-Santos Felipe, Ragone-Figueroa Cinthia, Rasia Elena, Forman William, Jones Christine, Kipper Rain, Borgani Stefano, Lambas Diego García, Romashkova Elena A, Patra Kishore C

Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal name in source: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY

Journal acronym: MON NOT R ASTRON SOC

Volume number: 500

Issue number: 1

Number of pages: 9

ISSN: 0035-8711

eISSN: 1365-2966

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3286

Self-archived copy’s web address: https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.09617


Abstract
We explore the persistence of the alignment of brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) with their local environment. We find that a significant fraction of BCGs do not coincide with the centroid of the X-ray gas distribution and/or show peculiar velocities (they are not at rest with respect to the cluster mean). Despite this, we find that BCGs are generally aligned with the cluster mass distribution even when they have significant offsets from the X-ray centre and significant peculiar velocities. The large offsets are not consistent with simple theoretical models. To account for these observations BCGs must undergo mergers preferentially along their major axis, the main infall direction. Such BCGs may be oscillating within the cluster potential after having been displaced by mergers or collisions, or the dark matter halo itself may not yet be relaxed.

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Last updated on 2022-30-09 at 13:57