Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Women have a higher resection rate for lung cancer and improved survival after surgery

List of Authors: Lautamäki Anna, Gunn Jarmo, Sipilä Jussi, Rautava Päivi, Sihvo Eero, Kytö Ville

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

Volume number: 32

Issue number: 6

eISSN: 1569-9285



Objectives: Surgery is the standard treatment in early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer and select cases of small-cell lung cancer, but gender differences in its use and outcome are poorly known. Gender differences in surgical resection rates and long-term survival after lung cancer surgery were therefore investigated.

Methods: In Finland, 3524 patients underwent resection for primary lung cancer during 2004-2014. Surgical rate and mortality data were retrospectively retrieved from 3 nationwide compulsory registries. Survival was studied by comparing propensity-matched cohorts. Median follow-up was 8.6 years.

Results: Surgery rate was higher in women (15.9% vs 12.3% in men, P < 0.0001). Overall survival was 85.3% 1 year, 51.4% 5 years, 33.4% 10 years and 24.2% at 14 years from surgery. In matched groups, survival after resection was better in women after 1 year (91.3% vs 83.3%), 5 years (60.2% vs 48.6%), 10 years (43.7% vs 27.9%) and 14 years (29.0% vs 21.1%) after surgery [hazard ratio (HR) 0.66; confidence interval (CI) 0.58-0.75; P < 0.0001]. Of all first-year survivors, 39.1% were alive 10 years and 28.3% 14 years after surgery. Among these matched first-year survivors, women had higher 14-year survival (36.9% vs 25.3%; HR 0.75; CI 0.65-0.87; P = 0.0002).

Conclusions: Surgery is performed for lung cancer more often in women. Women have more favourable short- and long-term outcome after lung cancer surgery. Gender discrepancy in survival continues to increase beyond the first year after surgery.

Last updated on 2022-10-02 at 13:18