Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Antibiotic treatments during infancy, changes in nasal microbiota, and asthma development: Population-based cohort study

Julkaisun tekijät: Toivonen L, Schuez-Havupalo L, Karppinen S, Waris M, Hoffman KL, Camargo CA, Hasegawa K, Peltola V

Kustantaja: Oxford University Press

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Journal: Clinical Infectious Diseases

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Lehden akronyymi: Clin Infect Dis

Volyymi: 72

Julkaisunumero: 9

ISSN: 1058-4838

eISSN: 1537-6591


Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite:

Early-life exposures to antibiotics may increase the risk of developing childhood asthma. However, little is known about the mechanisms linking antibiotic exposures to asthma. We hypothesized that changes in the nasal airway microbiota serve as causal mediator in the antibiotics-asthma link.In a population-based birth-cohort study in Finland, we identified longitudinal nasal microbiota profiles during age 2-24 months using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and unsupervised machine learning approach. We performed a causal mediation analysis to estimate the natural direct effect of systemic antibiotic treatments during age 0-11 months on risks of developing physician-diagnosed asthma by age 7 years and the natural indirect (causal mediation) effect through longitudinal changes in the nasal microbiota.In our birth cohort of 697 children, 8.0% later developed asthma. Exposure to ≥2 antibiotic treatments during age 0-11 months was associated with a 4.0% increase in the absolute risk of developing asthma (absolute increase, 95%CI, 0.9%-7.2%, P=0.006). Unsupervised clustering approach identified six longitudinal nasal microbiota profiles. Infants with a larger number of antibiotic treatments had a higher risk of having a profile with early Moraxella sparsity (per each antibiotic treatment, adjusted relative rate ratio, 1.38; 95%CI, 1.15-1.66; P<0.001). This effect of antibiotics on asthma was mediated, in part, by longitudinal changes in the nasal microbiota (natural indirect effect, P=0.008), accounting for 16% of the total effect.Early exposures to antibiotics were associated with an increased risk of asthma, and the effect was mediated, in part, by longitudinal changes in the nasal airway microbiota.

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Last updated on 2023-09-02 at 12:58