A4 Article in conference proceedings

Backshift effects of Sulphur Emission Regulation in Baltic Sea Ro-Ro Traffic

List of Authors: Tomi Solakivi, George Panagakos, Harilaos Psaraftis

Conference name: Transport Research Arena

Publication year: 2020

Book title *: Proceedings of TRA2020, the 8th Transport Research Arena: Rethinking transport – towards clean and inclusive mobility

Title of series: Traficom Research Reports

Number in series: 7/2020

eISBN: 978-952-311-484-5

ISSN: 2669-8781


Since the beginning of 2015, the International Maritime Organisation has introduced Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECAs) to limit the sulphur content of bunker oil. As the price of the low sulphur marine fuel has constantly been higher than that of the heavy fuel oil, this change was expected to increase the cost of sea transport. As such, this would make sea transport less competitive against other transport modes in cases where other modes of transport would realistically be applicable. This research analyses the backshift effect of the SECA regulation in the Baltic Sea Ro-Ro traffic, where land based transport alternatives are available. The findings indicate, that the transport flows are sensitive to changes in cost balance between sea and road transport. However, due to the decline of crude oil and marine fuel prices, no major changes between road and sea transport have occurred.

Downloadable publication

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 11:22