Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Human adipose tissue-derived stem cell paracrine networks vary according metabolic risk and after TNFα-induced death: an analysis at the single-cell level




List of Authors: Oliva-Olivera Wilfredo, Castellano-Castillo Daniel, von Meyenn Ferdinand, Cardona Fernando, Lönnberg Tapio, Tinahones Francisco J

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Metabolism

Volume number: 116

eISSN: 1532-8600

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2020.154466


Abstract

Objective
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) might play an important role in adipose microenvironment remodelling during tissue expansion through their response to hypoxia. We examined the cytokine profiles of hypoxic visceral ASCs (hypox-visASCs) from subjects with different metabolic risk, the interactions between cytokines as well as the impact of TNFα-induced death in the behavior of surviving hypoxic subcutaneous ASCs (hypox-subASCs) both at bulk population and single-cell level.

Materials/methods
Visceral adipose tissue was processed to isolate the ASCs from 33 subjects grouped into normal weight, obese with and without metabolic syndrome. Multiplex assay was used to simultaneously measure multiple inflammatory, anti-inflammatory and angiogenic cytokines in hypox-visASCs from these patients and to elucidate cytokine profiles of hypox-subASCs upon stimulation with IL1β or TNFα and after TNFα-induced death. qPCR and single-cell RNA-sequencing were also performed to elucidate transcriptional impact in surviving hypox-subASCs after TNFα-induced apoptosis.

Results
Hypox-visASCs from subjects without metabolic syndrome showed greater secretion levels of inflammatory, anti-inflammatory and angiogenic cytokines compared with those from patients with metabolic syndrome. While IL-1β stimulation was sufficient to increase the secretion levels of these cytokines in hypox-subASCs, TNFα-induced apoptosis also increased their levels and impacted on the expression levels of extracellular matrix proteins, acetyl-CoA producing enzymes and redox-balance proteins in surviving hypox-subASCs. TNFα-induced apoptosis under different glucose concentrations caused selective impoverishment of cell clusters and differentially influenced gene expression profiles of surviving hypox-subASCs.

Conclusions
Immunoregulatory and angiogenic functions of hypox-visASCs from patients with metabolic syndrome could be insufficient to promote healthy adipose tissue expansion. TNFα-induced apoptosis may impact on functionality of hypox-subASC populations, whose differential metabolic sensitivity to death could serve to manipulate individual populations selectively in order to elucidate their role in shaping adipose heterogeneity and treating metabolic disorders.


Last updated on 2022-08-03 at 12:32