A1 Journal article – refereed

Radiologic changes of the temporomandibular joint after condylar fractures in childhood




List of Authors: Thoren H, Iizuka T, Hallikainen D, Lindqvist C

Publisher: MOSBY-YEAR BOOK INC

Publication year: 1998

Journal: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology

Journal name in source: ORAL SURGERY ORAL MEDICINE ORAL PATHOLOGY ORAL RADIOLOGY AND ENDODONTICS

Journal acronym: ORAL SURG ORAL MED O

Volume number: 86

Issue number: 6

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 1079-2104

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1079-2104(98)90214-1


Abstract
Objective. The purpose of this investigation was to study the radiologic outcomes of pediatric condylar fractures.Study design. Radiographs of 37 patients with 45 condylar fractures that had been diagnosed at the Department of Oral and MaxilloFacial Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The frequency and characteristics of incomplete remodeling at an average of 4.1 years after the injury were studied. The influence of age and fracture type on remodeling were considered.Results, incomplete remodeling was observed after 56% of the fractures. The most frequent signs of incomplete remodeling were alteration in the configuration of the surface of the condylar head and deformation of the condylar neck. Incomplete remodeling was frequently (83%) related to fracture dislocation. Far this fracture type the radiologic prognosis seems poor in all age groups. A difference in ramus height between the 2 sides was observed in 52% of the fractures, particularly frequently (80%) after fracture dislocation.Conclusions. Radiologic aberrations are frequent after pediatric condylar fractures. Dislocated fractures, in particular, need special attention and long-lasting clinical follow-up.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 12:11