A1 Journal article – refereed

Social functioning questionnaires of adolescents born preterm show average profiles and attenuated sex differences

List of Authors: Susanna Salomäki, Päivi Rautava, Niina Junttila, Mira Huhtala, Marika H. Leppänen, Anna Nyman, Mari Koivisto,
Leena Haataja, Liisa Lehtonen, Riikka Korja; the PIPARI Study Group

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Acta Paediatrica

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 0803-5253

eISSN: 1651-2227

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.15728

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/apa.15728



has been shown to affect social competence in children and adults. Our aim was
to evaluate profiles of self‐reported social behaviours and
loneliness in preterm‐ and term‐born


(≤1500 g and, or, <32 gestational weeks)‐ and term‐born infants
were recruited in Turku University Hospital from 2001 to 2006. The Multisource
Assessment of Children's Social Competence Scale and the Peer Network and
Dyadic Loneliness Scale were completed at the age of 11. Profiles of social
competence and loneliness were labelled as low, average or high.


A total of
172 preterm‐born and 134 term‐born
adolescents returned the questionnaires. Most frequently, preterm adolescents
reported a profile of average social competence and average levels of
loneliness. Preterm‐born boys reported a profile of low
social functioning less often (preterm‐born 36% vs. term‐born 54%),
and preterm‐born girls reported a profile of high social
functioning less frequently (preterm‐born 26% vs. term‐born 37%)
than same‐sex controls. Sex differences in social functioning
profiles were smaller in preterm than term‐born


The majority
of young adolescents born preterm reported a high or average social functioning
profile irrespective of sex. Prematurity seems to level out differences between
the sexes.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:49