Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Inferring sediment transfers and functional connectivity of rivers from repeat topographic surveys




Julkaisun tekijätCalle M, Calle J, Alho P, Benito G

KustantajaWILEY

Julkaisuvuosi2020

JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimiEARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS

Lehden akronyymiEARTH SURF PROC LAND

Volyymi45

Julkaisunumero3

Aloitussivu681

Lopetussivun numero693

Sivujen määrä13

ISSN0197-9337

eISSN1096-9837

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.4765


Tiivistelmä
High-resolution topographic models have revolutionized monitoring of river changes by comparing sequential river topographic surveys (i.e. change detection). Nevertheless, much more may be obtained from this innovative quantification of changes. In this paper, we enhance the interpretation of geomorphic processes by presenting a new method for understanding of sources and sinks of sediment, river sediment transfers and functional sediment connectivity. Repeat digital elevation models (DEMs) obtained by photogrammetry were used to quantify topographic change after two floods by creating a DEM of difference (DoD) of a 6.5 km-long reach of Rambla de la Viuda stream, an ephemeral gravel-bed river in eastern Spain. The proposed method involved dividing the channel into 10 m-long longitudinal strips that were used to systematically draw boundaries between the erosional and depositional areas of the DoD. The analysis objectively: (i) drew a series of erosional and depositional segments, from 120 to 1360 m in length; (ii) estimated ranges of source-to-storage sediment transport distances, 320-670 m in the upstream and middle reaches and up to 2030 m in the lower reach; and (iii) obtained values of functional connectivity (i.e. the ratio between the sediment exported (erosion) and retained (deposition), ranging from 10(3) to 10(-3)). The variability in these three parameters along the river was found to be related to the level of channel disturbance by in-stream mining during the 1990s and 2000s. Additionally, this method indicates that the main process responsible for self-adjustment of the present morphosedimentary conditions is intra-reach erosion of banks and channel beds. Thus, this study proposes a new methodology to characterize morphological change, sediment transfer and connectivity that may serve as environmental indicators of the hydromorphological integrity of rivers with potential application to the European Water Framework Directive. (c) 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:27