A1 Journal article – refereed

”I would say that a user is the king” – Indian student designers´ conceptions of a design process and potential implications for schools

List of Authors: Anna Kohtamäki, Eila Lindfors

Publisher: NORDFO

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Techne Series: Research in Sloyd Education and Craft Science A

Volume number: 27

Issue number: 2

eISSN: 1893-1774

URL: https://journals.hioa.no/index.php/techneA/article/view/3666


Design education and the design process have been
focuses for research in recent studies in developing innovative solutions to
problems and challenges worldwide as well as in educational contexts where
there is a need to develop pedagogical design and innovation processes in
educational settings. The current Finnish Core curriculum for basic education
2014 (FNAE 2016) emphasises design education and design process in craft,
design and technology learning. To understand in-depth design methods and the
meaning of design in a different cultural context, this study was executed at a
distinguished design community, the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur.
The study is part of the FINDIgATE project, which aimed for Finnish and Indian
Well-being through Education. Design and craft have a common goal to aspire
towards well-being and coping with life. The project created a new research
community between Finland and India. Several studies were conducted within the
project: Indians studied the Finnish education to develop their own activity
and comparative study was also conducted. This study focuses on exploring the
conceptions of Indian design students.

The theoretical background of this phenomenological research
consists of defining design and design processes, also design education and
design as part of a holistic craft process. The data collection method is a
thematic interview. The data collection was carried out in three group
interviews and as an additional individual interview. The interview material
was analysed by data-driven content analysis.

According to the results, Indian student designers
(N=14) see design as a multidisciplinary collaborative user service in
different areas of life. The design process is structured through the
definition of the design task and the problem to be solved, through user
research, ideas, prototyping and testing. Documentation is an important part of
the whole design process. The different phases of the design process of Indian
student designers seem to be applicable to pedagogical design and innovation
processes as well as holistic craft processes in the context of education. The
user-oriented design process seems a potential approach to Craft, Design and
Technology education and cross-curricular design processes across pedagogical

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:15